Thailand is a state of Southeast Asia, located in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula and in the northern part of the Malay Peninsula. Thailand means “country of the Thais”, the Thai version is “Muang Thai” or “Prathet Thai”. The history of the country dates back to the kingdom of Sukhothai, (1238). His successor was the kingdom of Ayutthaya (1350).
According to ALLPUBLICLIBRARIES, the capital is Bangkok. Bangkok (in Thai Krung Tep – City of Angels) is the largest city in the country. Bangkok is the 17th largest city in Asia with a population of about 9 million people.
The language is Thai. The official language is Thai, but most tourist centers, shops and restaurants will understand you if you speak English. The population of Thailand – Siamese, Lao, Chinese, Malays.
The state religion is Buddhism, practiced by 95% of Thais. The remaining 5% is distributed among Muslims, Christians and Hindus. Buddhism first came to Thailand in the 3rd century BC. BC. from the island of Ceylon. The city of Nakhon Pathom today houses the second largest Buddha statue.
The national currency is the Thai baht. 1 $ is approximately equal to 42 Thai baht. It is better to exchange money in special points or in hotels.
It is 4 hours ahead of Moscow winter time, and 3 hours ahead of summer time.
Thailand has a tropical climate. There are three seasons: from October to March, the best time of the year – the air temperature ranges from + 18 * C to + 30 * C. From April to May, the hottest period – the air temperature reaches + 42 * C. June to August is the monsoon rainy season, but this mainly applies to the northern regions of the country. And in other regions, rains at this time occur only in the afternoon or at night, they are torrential, and usually last no more than an hour. The ideal time to visit the country is from November to March, when the air warms up to 25-30*C and the humidity is minimal. Due to the microclimate of some areas, such as Koh Samui, visiting them will bring pleasure even in July-August.
Temperature from +20 (December-February) to +40*С (April-May).
All beaches in Thailand are sandy.
A tourist visa is not needed if you are flying for up to 30 days (then the visa can be extended in neighboring countries).
Embassy of Thailand in Russia: Moscow, st. B. Spasskaya, 9; tel.: (495) 608-08-17, 608-08-56.
Embassy of Russia in Thailand: 78 Sab Road, Surawongse, Bangrak, Bangkok 10500, tel.: (02) 234-98-24.
Emergency communications: police – 195, fire – 199, ambulance – 246-0199.
Consular department (66 2) 234 20 12.
Representative office of Aeroflot (66 2) 251 06 18.
Tourist police (66 2) 282 11 43 Bangkok, (66 38) 425 937 Pattaya.
A visa to Thailand is issued, as a rule, in 7 working days. To do this, you will need a foreign passport, the validity of which must be at least 6 months, 1 photo 3×4 in size, a completed application form, as well as a certificate from the place of work indicating the position and salary of the tourist. As of September 2003, Russian citizens still have the opportunity to apply for an entry visa directly upon arrival in Thailand. To do this, you must have 2 photographs with you, the cost of a visa is 1000 Thai baht (about 25 US dollars). When departing from Thailand, an airport tax is charged – 500 baht (about 12 dollars). The maximum stay in Thailand on a tourist visa is 2 months.
Ya Nui Beach is located near Nai Harn, in the southeast of the island. This is a small, cozy beach with a beautiful view. In some places, when entering the water, pebbles come across. But here you can swim with a snorkel and a mask, see beautiful reef fish and starfish. If desired, you can quickly get to Nai Harn. Also in the area there are cafes and restaurants with a variety of cuisines. Not far from this beach there are two very beautiful viewing platforms and a small market where you can buy souvenirs and cute trinkets. For those who do not drive a scooter, the hills that you have to go through to get to Nai Harn can deliver some inconvenience.
Rawai and Chalong beaches
Swimming is not very good on these two beaches. Why? Because of the number of boats. And it’s not very pleasant to climb into the water, where a boat is “parked” at every meter. From Rawai, day trips on speedboats often leave. Also here you can easily rent a longtail (a wooden boat with a motor) for trips to nearby islands. Chalong has one of the main piers. Excursions go out from it, as well as dive boats.
Cape Panwa – a small “offspring” on the island of Phuket. Several hotels, a port and an aquarium are located in the area. The beaches on Cape Panwa are distinguished by the absence of waves in the low season, so they are perfect for vacationers with small children. It should only be remembered that on these beaches the bottom is partially rocky. This is especially noticeable in the afternoon, when the tide begins to ebb and part of the bottom opens up. Then you don’t buy much here. Most of the hotels are located in small coves and are isolated from the settlement. Therefore, you will have to get to the store by transport. Near the hotels there are usually small restaurants offering Thai food. Cape Panwa is a fairly quiet place, calm, but a bit out of the way. Although the Aquarium, where children go with pleasure, is not far.