Michigan State Overview

According to allpubliclibraries, Michigan is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Midwest Midwest Region of the country. One of the most famous nicknames of Michigan is The Great Lakes State The State of the Great Lakes. Its name comes from Lake Michigan, whose name is an adaptation to the French of the term mishigani from Ojibwe, which means ” ‘great lake’ ” or ” ‘great water’ ”. [3]. In fact, Michigan borders four of America’s five “Great Lakes.” Its coastline is 5,292 kilometers long, and is one of the longest of all United States. No part of the state is located more than 137 kilometers from the coastline of the Great Lakes. Michigan is divided into two distinct areas, the Upper Peninsula and the Lower Peninsula, connected to each other by a single five-mile-long bridge. Another nickname for Michigan is The Wolverine State. The status of the wolverine due to the fact that during the early days of the European colonization of the region, hunters and fur traders hunted and traded large quantities of wolverine skins with indigenous people from the region. Michigan was initially colonized by the French. French colonization of the region however was limited. France ceded Michigan to the United Kingdom in 1764. In 1783 After the end of the American War of Independence, Michigan became part of the United States, becoming part of the Northwest Territory in 1787, an independent territory in 1805, and elevated to state status on December 26. January 1837, as the 26th American state to enter the Union.


Michigan has a humid temperate climate (Köppen Dfa climate classification), with four well-defined seasons. The state’s summers are mild due to the presence of large bodies of water in the region, while winters are cold. The temperature drops as you travel north. During the winter, the average temperature in the southern region of Michigan is -6 ° C, -9 ° C in the central region, and -12 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The average of the minimums in the state is -10 ° C, and the average of the maximums is -1 ° C. The minimums vary between -40 ° C and 8 ° C, and the maximums between -35 ° C and 15 ° C. The lowest temperature recorded in the state is -46 ° C, in Vanderbilt, on February 9, 1934. In summer, the average temperature is 22 ° C in the extreme south, 20 ° C in the central region and 18 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The average of the minimums is 14 ° C, and the average of the maximums is 26 ° C. The maximums can reach up to 40 ° C in the southern region, and 34 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 44 ° C, in Mio, on July 13, 1932.


Michigan’s average annual rainfall rate is 80 centimeters, ranging from 95 centimeters per year in the Upper Peninsula and in the extreme southwest of the state, to 68 centimeters in the northeast of the state. Average annual snowfall rates range from 100 centimeters in the south to more than 400 centimeters in the north of the state.


The current Michigan Constitution was adopted in 1963. Older constitutions were approved in 1835, 1850 and 1908. Amendments to the Constitution are proposed by the Legislative Branch of Michigan, and to be approved, they need to receive at least 51% of the favorable votes of the Senate and the State House of Representatives, and then at least two-thirds of the votes of the electoral population of Michigan, in a referendum. The population of the State can also propose amendments to the Constitution through the collection of an adequate number of signatories. When this petition of the signatories is accepted by the government, to be approved it needs to receive the approval of at least a quarter of the members of both houses of the Legislative Branch of Michigan, and then at least 51% of the votes of the electoral population.. Amendments can also be proposed and introduced by constitutional conventions,

The top executive branch official in Michigan is the governor. This is chosen by the electors of the state for terms of up to four years of duration. A person can serve as governor only twice. Other executive officers who are chosen by the governor — Treasurer, Secretary of State, Lieutenant Governor (lieutenant governor), also serve four-year terms at most. As the governor, they can serve a term only twice

The highest court in the Michigan Judiciary is the Michigan Supreme Court. The eight justices of the Michigan Supreme Court are elected by the state population for terms of up to eight years. The second largest court in Michigan is the Court of Appeals, made up of seven judges, four district courts, and 57 regional courts.

Michigan is divided into 83 counties. These counties, for their part, are divided into townships. More than half of Michigan’s budget is generated by state taxes. The rest comes from budgets received from the national government. In 2002, the state government spent $ 49 billion, having generated $ 44 billion. Michigan’s public debt is $ 22 billion. Per capita debt is $ 2,185, per capita state tax value is $ 2,177, and per capita government spending value is $ 4,897.


According to the 2000 census of the United States Census Bureau, the population of Michigan in that year was 9,938,444 residents, a growth of 6.5% in relation to the population of the state in 1990, of 9,328 .784 residents. The 2010 United States Census established the state’s population at 9,883,640 residents, 0.6% less than the population in 2000. [8] Michigan was the only US state to decrease its population between censuses of the years 2000 and 2010. [8] The natural growth of Michigan’s population between 2000 and 2005 It was 182,380 residents, 691,897 births and 456,137 deaths, the population growth caused by immigration was 122,901 residents, while interstate migration resulted in a decrease of 165,084 residents. Between 2000and 2005, Michigan’s population grew by 182,380 residents, and between 2004 and 2005, by 16,654 residents. About 82% of Michigan’s population lives in 9 different metropolitan regions: Ann Arbor, Benton Harbor, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, Jackson, Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, Lansing-East Lansing and Saginaw-Bay City- Midland. Most of the population lives in the Lower Peninsula of the state. The average population density of the state is 17 residents per square kilometer. However, in the Lower Peninsula, this average is 230. In the Lower Peninsula, the average density is only 8 residents / km². Total

Race and ethnicities

The racial makeup of Michigan is as follows:

  • 9% White
  • 0% African American
  • 3% Hispanic
  • 8% Asian
  • 6% Indigenous natives
  • 4% Two or more races

The five largest groups in Michigan by ancestry are: Germans who make up 20.4% of the state’s population, African-American 14.2%, Irish 10.7%, English 9.9%, and Poles 8.6%. Other ethnic minorities are the French, Dutch and Italians. Americans of German descent are present in all regions of Michigan. Scandinavians especially Finns, British and French have a notable presence in the Upper Peninsula. The west of the state is known nationally for the Dutch heritage of many of its residents. Michigan has the highest concentration of Dutch of any American state. The Detroit metropolitan region has many residents of Polish, Irish, Italian and Arab descent. African Americans are the majority in the city of Detroit


  • Jehoshaphat Catholic Church in Detroit.
  • Percentage of Michigan’s Population by Religious Affiliation: [9]
  • Christianity – 82%
  • Protestantism – 58%
  • Baptism – 15%
  • Methodism – 10%
  • Pentecostalism – 7%
  • Lutheranism – 5%
  • Reformism – 4%
  • Churches of Christ – 2%
  • Other Protestant affiliations – 12%
  • Catholicism – 23%
  • Other Christian affiliations – 1%
  • Islam – 2%
  • Judaism – 1%
  • Other religions – 1%
  • Non-religious – 15%


Michigan State Overview