General information: According to ITYPEJOB, the island of Jersey and other islands in the English Channel were part of the medieval duchy of Normandy, which played a large role in the history of France and England. The islands were the only British territory occupied by German troops during World War II. Geography
Location: Western Europe, an island in the English Channel, northwest of France.
Geographical coordinates: 49° 15′ N. latitude, 2° 10’W
Reference map: Europe.
Area: total: 116 sq. km.; land surface area: 116 km2; water surface area: 0 km2
Comparative area: approximately 0.7 of the area of Washington, DC.
Land borders: 0 km.
Coastline: 70 km.
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing rights zone: 12 nautical miles; territorial waters: 3 nautical miles.
Climate: temperate; mild winters and cool summers.
Relief: slightly hilly plain, low hills along the north coast.
Maximum and minimum heights: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m; highest point: unnamed point 143 m.
Natural resources: fertile land.
Land use: arable land: 66%; cultivated land: 0%; pasture: 0%; forests and plantations: 0%; others: 34%.
Irrigated land: no data.
Natural hazards: no data available.
Current environmental issues: no data available.
International agreements on environmental protection:
Note to the section “Geography”: the largest and southernmost island in the English Channel; approximately 30% of the population is concentrated in the city of Saint Helier.
Population: 89 361 people (July 2001 est.).
Age structure: under 14: 17.77% (male 8,214; female 7,667); 15 to 64 years old: 67.59% (male 30,065; female 30,331); over 65: 14.64% (male 5,603; female 7,481) (2001 est.).
Population growth: 0.48% (2001 est.).
Birth rate: 11.28 newborns / 1000 people. (2001 est.).
Mortality: 9.27 deaths / 1000 people. (200th est.).
Migration: 2.8 people / 1000 people (2001 est.).
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.08 male/female; up to 15 years: 1.07 male/female; 15 to 64 years old: 0.99 male/female; over 65: 0.75 male/female; for the general population: 0.96 male/female (2001 est.);
Child mortality: 5.62 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.).
Life expectancy: for the general population: 78.63 years; men: 76.21 years; women: 81.23 years (2001 est.).
General birth rate: 1.56 children/wives. (2001 est.).
Proportion of the adult population infected with HIV: no data available.
Number of people infected with HIV: no data.
Mortality due to AIDS: no data available.
Nationality: noun: Channel Islander; adjective: pertaining to the islands of the English Channel.
Ethnic groups: descended from the inhabitants of Great Britain and northern France.
Believers: Anglicans, Catholics, Baptists, New Church Congregationalists, Methodists, Presbyterians.
Languages): English (official), French (official), northern French spoken in rural areas.
Literacy: definition: no data; total: no data; men: no data; women: no data.
Common long form: Jersey County (Bailiwick of Jersey);
Common short form: Jersey. Dependency status: possession of the British Crown.
State structure: no data.
Capital: Saint Helier.
Administrative division: none (possession of the British crown).
Independence: none (possession of the British crown).
National holiday: Liberation Day, May 9 (1945).
Constitution: unwritten; partly statuses, partly customary and case law.
Legal system: English law and local laws.
Suffrage: from what age – no data; universal for adults.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
chief of government: Governor and Commander Sir John CHESHIRE (since 24 January 2001) and Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since February 1995);
Government: committees appointed by the Assembly of the States; elections: no; hereditary monarchy; the governor and bailiff are appointed by the monarch.
Legislature: unicameral Assembly of Estates, 55 voting members: 12 senators, 12 constables or heads of districts, 29 deputies (all elected for 6 years, half of the composition is elected every three years), bailiff and deputy bailiff; 3 non-voting members: Dean of Jersey, Attorney General and Attorney General, all appointed by the Monarch; elections: last held – NA (next to be held – NA); election results: distribution of votes – no data; distribution of seats – independent 52.
Judicial branch: Royal court, judges are elected by the electoral commission and the bailiff.
Political parties and leaders: no; all independent.
Political influence groups and their leaders:
Participation in international organizations:
Diplomatic representation in the United States: none (possession of the British Crown).
U.S. Diplomatic Representation: None (British Crown property).
Description of the flag: white with a diagonal red cross reaching the corners of the flag, in the upper triangle a red shield crowned with a yellow crown depicting three yellow English lions.
Economy overview: The economy is mainly based on the provision of international financial services, agriculture and tourism. Potatoes, cauliflowers, tomatoes and especially flowers are important export crops, destined primarily for the UK. Jersey is well known for its dairy cattle breed, which is an important source of export earnings. Dairy products are shipped to the UK and other EU countries. In 1996, the financial sector contributed approximately 60% of the island’s income. Tourism, another pillar of the economy, contributes approximately 24% of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged the location of industrial enterprises on the island of Jersey, as a result, the electronics industry began to develop in parallel with the traditional production of wool and knitwear. All raw materials and energy must be imported, as well as much of Jersey’s food needs. Low taxes (including inheritance taxes) make the island a popular tax haven.
GDP: Purchasing Power Parity $2.2 billion (1999 est.)
Real GDP growth rate: no data available.
GDP per capita: PPP – $24,800 (1999 est.).
The composition of GDP by sectors of the economy: agriculture: 5%; industry: 2%; service sector: 93% (1996).
Proportion of the population below the poverty line: no data available.
Percentage distribution of household income or consumption: for the poorest 10% of households: n/a; by top 10% of households: no data.
Inflation rate at consumer prices: 4.7% (1998).
Labor force: 57,050 people (1996).
Unemployment rate: 0.7% (1998 est.).
Budget: revenues: $601 million; expenses: $588 million, including capital expenditures of $98 million (2000 est.).
Spheres of economy: tourism, banking and finance, production of dairy products.
Growth in industrial production: no data available.
Electricity production: no data.
Sources of electricity generation: fossil fuels: 100%; hydropower: 0%; nuclear fuel: 0%; others: 0%.
Electricity consumption: no data.
Export of electricity: no data.
Electricity imports: n/a (electricity is supplied by France).
Agricultural products: potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products.
Export: no data.
Exports: uncomplicated industrial and electrical goods, foodstuffs, textiles.
Export partners: UK.
Import: no data.
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals.
Import partners: UK.
External debt: no. Economic aid recipient: no.
Economic aid donor:
Currency: English pound (there is also a Jersey pound).
Currency code: GBP.
Exchange rate: GBP/USD – 0.6764 (January 2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997), 0.6403 (1996); The Jersey pound is equal to the British pound.
Fiscal year: April 1-March 31.
Telecommunications Telephone lines: 65,500 (1997).
Mobile Cell Phones: 4,400 (1997).
Telephone system: internal: no data; international: 3 submarine cables.
Broadcasting stations: AM – no data, FM – 1, shortwave – 0 (1998).
Radio receivers: no data.
Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997).
TVs: no data.
Internet country code: je
Internet service providers: unknown.
Number of users: no data.
Transport Railways: 0 km.
Roads: total: 577 km (1995); coated: no data; uncoated: no data.
Ports and harbours: Jory, St. Aubin, St. Helier.
Merchant fleet: none (2000 est.).
Airports: 1 (2000 est.).
Airports with paved runways: total: 1; from 1524 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.).
Airports with unpaved runways: