Hyderabad [ ha ɪ dər ɑ ː b ɑ ː d], Hyderabad, Hyderabad, joint capital the Indian states Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, on the middle Dekhan on Musi (tributary of the Krishna), in the metropolitan area (2011) 7.7 million Resident.
Catholic Archbishop’s Seat; Osmania University (founded in 1918), agricultural university (founded in 1964), TU (founded in 1972), University of Hyderabad (founded in 1974) and numerous other scientific institutes, center for nanotechnology; Exhibition center, museums (including archaeological museum); versatile industry (e.g. pharmaceutical, film industry). After Bangalore, Hyderabad has developed into the center of computer and software production as well as other high-tech industries in recent years (Hitec City, 15 km west of Hyderabad) and is the seat of IT and bio-tech companies from all over the world; Transport hub, international airport.
As a former residential town, the old town contains numerous important buildings, including the city’s landmark, the Car Minar (four towers, 1591), the Jami Masjid (1598), the city’s oldest mosque, the main mosque Mecca Masjid (1614-87) and the Chaumalla Palace (18th century). The wind towers (“badgirs”) on the roofs, through which the sea breeze is captured in the hot season, are characteristic of the cityscape. The Hindu temple (1976), built of white marble, is located on a hill, next to it is a planetarium. Other buildings of modern architecture include the administration building of the Electronic Corporation of India (1967-72) by C. Correa and the residential estate with business center built for the Bhaba nuclear research center, among others. (1968–71, architect: B. Doshi).
Founded in 1589 as a garden suburb of Golconda, Hyderabad has belonged to the Mughal Empire since 1687. Asaf Jah († 1748) with the title Nisam al-Mulk (Nisam), who was appointed governor of the Decan in 1713, made himself independent of the Mughal Mughal in 1724 and founded a state (213 200 km 2, capital: Hyderabad), which was managed by his descendants until 1947, the Nisams of Hyderabad, and could only be incorporated after occupation by troops of the Indian Union (1948). In 1956 the former state of Hyderabad was divided into the states of Andhra Pradesh (with the capital Hyderabad), Bombay and Madras according to linguistic aspects.
In its classical form, the Indian dance of the Hindu worship service is the form of worship of the believers and temple dancers (Devadasis). The gods Shiva and Parvati are the models for the ritual dances. The cosmic creation dance Tandava (expression of action and power), through which Shiva created the world as king of dance (Nataraja), complements the graceful form Lasya (expression of love and beauty) of his wife. Nritta (dance with purely abstract movements) and Nritya (mimic dance that expresses feelings) determine the classical Indian dance as further important elements. The content comes from the Sanskritepes and many legends, the texts of which are presented by a singer with drum and string instrument accompaniment. The dramaturgy of dance according to Natyashastra (2nd – 5th centuries;Attributed to Bharata), in which the theater environment also takes up a large space, already describes 108 dance postures. The treatise »Abhinayadarpana« (5th – 10th centuries) is devoted exclusively to dance with detailed descriptions of hand gestures (mudras) and other body movements. The most important dance styles still cultivated today are: Bharata Natya (after Natyashastra) from South India, Kathakali (pantomime dance drama) from Kerala, Kathak from North India, Manipuri from Manipur, Odissi from Odisha and Kuchipudi from the village of the same name in Andhra Pradesh. – In addition to the classical dances, India preserved varied folk and tribal dances that differ according to states, occupations, castes and tribal groups.
According to BEST-MEDICAL-SCHOOLS, the ritual dances partially secularized, served the feudal lords as show dancers and the privately engaged dancers (Nac girls) as stimulating dances, some temple dancers were for sale. In 1947 the government passed a law prohibiting the ordination of little girls in temples. – Since the declaration of independence, the government has taken care of the maintenance of dances through the semi-state Sangit Natak Academy for Music and Dance. Private dance schools in all major cities are also making efforts.
Bollywood [ b ɔ l ɪ w ʊ d; Abbreviation from Bo mbay and Hollywood ], a collective name used as a genre term for commercial Indian Hindi cinema. For some years now, the long, mostly melodramatically grounded film epics with their intense emotionality and the sudden singing and dancing interludes have also found a steadily growing fan base in Europe and the USA. Technology and optics reach western standards, and the films adapt to the expectations of their viewers with locations such as New York, Switzerland or Germany.